An estimated 4,000 fish species, and some 25 percent of marine life, depend on coral reefs at some point in their existence. These reefs are home to great marine biodiversity and many larger marine species depend on these reefs for their food source. Exotic seagrass, sponges, and around 400 soft coral species cover this spectacular reef. Barrier reefs are broader and lie farther away from the coast. The Red Sea Coral Reef is an amazing undersea world located in between two of the hottest and most arid deserts in the world: the Sahara and the Arabian. Half of tropical coral reefs have been lost during the past three decades and even if temperatures were kept no higher than 1.5C, between 70% and 90% of reefs … For the first time ever, countries and territories … Coral reefs are vital for a healthy ecosystem. Protection from storms: Coral reefs are also our first line of defense against tropical storms, helping to protect all of our coastal communities. The Grand Central Station and Chimneys Reefs are popular diving spots here. The Nature Conservancy (TNC), one of the world’s leading conservation organizations, along with partners, published detailed maps of important shallow underwater habitats throughout the entire Caribbean – including all shallow water coral reefs. Coral reefs cover less than 1 percent of the Earth’s surface yet feed and shelter a significant amount of marine life, including some 4,000 species of … Most of the substantial coral reefs found today are between 5,000 and 10,000 years old, according to CORAL. They are most often found … Although coral reefs are a main draw for tourism in the first place, tourism is one of the main drivers of the decline of coral reefs throughout the Caribbean. Australian endangered species: Fire corals May 29, 2013 10.18pm EDT. Barrier reefs grow parallel to the coast, but are separated from coast by a stretch of water which can be up to several miles wide and several tens of metres deep. The World's Largest Coral Reefs . The following is a list of the world’s nine largest coral reefs in order of size. Benefits of Coral Reefs. As many barrier reefs are long ovals, most coral reefs are measured by length. Habitat: They support 25% of all marine animals, from thousands of fish species to sponges to marine mammals. The Nature Conservancy Publishes First-Ever Detailed Maps of All Caribbean Coral Reefs. Fiji features some of the world’s best dive sites and is known as the world’s “soft coral capital”. Approximately 1,200 miles long, this reef, which is over 5,000 years old, is home to 300 hard coral species and about 1,200 fish, of which 10 percent are found only in this area. 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